Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops during pregnancy 던전앤파이터 프리서버 다운로드. It’s a fairly common complication of pregnancy and affects approximately 4% of all pregnant women. Here’s what you need to know about it.
Who gets gestational diabetes?
You may be at greater risk of developing gestational diabetes if you:
- Have high blood pressure or other medical conditions
- Have given birth to a large baby before
- Are obese when you become pregnant
- Are older than 30 years of age
- Have given birth to a baby who was stillborn or suffering from certain birth defects
- Have had gestational diabetes in previous pregnancies
- Have a family history of diabetes
- Have pre-pregnancy type 1 or type 2 diabetes
Every pregnant woman with one or more risk factors should be offered a screening test for gestational diabetes, but it’s important to know that many women who develop gestational diabetes have no risk factors. If any of these risk factors pertain to you, be sure to let your doctor know.
What causes gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes results from the changes that occur in all women during pregnancy – increased levels of certain hormones can interfere with your body’s ability to manage blood sugar, causing a condition called “insulin resistance.”
Will gestational diabetes harm my baby?
If left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause certain complications for your new-born, such as macrosomia. This is when the baby grows too large, which increases the risk of problems during childbirth. Your new-born baby may have a higher risk of developing jaundice and breathing problems. They may also experience a sudden drop in blood sugar after birth, requiring treatment with a sugar solution given intravenously.
Timing is an important factor
The risk of birth defects in infants whose mothers have gestational diabetes is very low because most women develop gestational diabetes after the 20th week of pregnancy, when the foetus is already fully developed. The risk of birth defects only increases if you have high, out-of-control blood sugar levels during the first six to eight weeks of pregnancy, or you had undiagnosed diabetes before pregnancy.
If you have gestational diabetes, your child is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life as well as be overweight throughout life.
Does gestational diabetes go away?
It is usual for a woman’s blood sugar levels to return to normal after delivery. However, once you’ve had gestational diabetes, you are more likely to develop gestational diabetes again during subsequent pregnancies. Women with gestational diabetes have a 50% chance of developing diabetes within 10 to 20 years of delivery. So, it’s important to stick to a healthy eating plan, get back to regular exercise after your pregnancy, and don’t forget that annual check-up!
Joanne Hart for HelloDoctor.com