Contraceptives which prevent pregnancy and STDs: Written by Dr Lynelle

In my first blog, Contraception 101, I covered methods of contraceptives which involve no medical interventions Download Cambridge Eyelts. Here, we take a look at barrier methods which prevent pregnancy and STDs.

1. The Male Condom: A very popular and good choice, if it’s used correctly and the male partner is prepared to use them. Besides preventing pregnancy, condoms also protect against STDs. If condoms aren’t used correctly though, they can break.

2. The Female Condom: This isn’t used as often as male condoms, because it’s difficult to place and can cause discomfort. For these and other reasons it’s less effective than the male condom, although still a good choice to prevent STD’s if the male partner won’t wear a condom.

3. The Diaphragm: This is a latex cup that’s inserted into the vagina before sex, and it was a very popular method of contraception back in the day! However, spermicidal gel must be used in conjunction with it, and the diaphragm must stay in place for 6 hours after intercourse. They often have a high failure rate.

4. Spermicidal Agents: These are cheap and available over the counter, and can complement other methods such as diaphragm and condoms. Used alone, spermicides have a high failure rate and can cause allergic reactions and irritation.

Condoms are still the most recommended method out of this group of contraceptives, because they protect against STDs. However, high failure rates make this group of contraceptives most useful in combination with other methods, which we talk more about in the 3rd and final blog post on contraceptives.

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Take a look at the next blog: What are Hormonal Methods of Contraceptives?