Dangerous pains – When to seek emergency care

By July 30, 2016Ageing

We all suffer from aches and pains 카오스 헤드 다운로드. But the question is when do we need to worry? Which should not be ignored and most importantly which should have us calling emergency services? Here is a list of those pains and symptoms which require immediate and emergency intervention:

Sudden chest pain

Sudden onset, chest pain or discomfort can be due to many causes. But the important one not to miss is cardiac (heart) pain, which can be caused by a Myocardial infarction (heart attack) or pulmonary embolism (obstruction of large blood vessels in lungs).

Symptoms vary from feeling an unusual pain, discomfort, or pressure in the centre of your chest. The feelings may linger for more than a few minutes, or they may disappear and come back. The pain and discomfort can spread to one or both arms or to the neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Other possible symptoms include shortness of breath, nausea, light-headedness, or a cold sweat.

The worst headache of your life

This is called the “thunderclap” headache, you suddenly develop the worst headache you have ever experienced, and other possible symptoms include double vision, nausea, vomiting, and a stiff neck.

It could be just a severe migraine, but it could also be a ruptured aneurysm: bleeding in the brain due to a leak in a blood vessel.

Severe back pain

Back pain usually goes away on its own, with or without a doctor’s help. But if the pain is sudden, agonizing, and unrelated to exercise or improper lifting, or if you feel excruciating, highly focused pain on your spine, seek emergency help.

Causes include kidney stones, which block the flow of urine. This causes a sharp or cramping pain that starts in the back or side and moves to the groin.

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More important to not miss is an abdominal aneurysm. This is a bulge in the main artery leading from the heart. Abdominal aneurysms, most common in older people with atherosclerosis, may produce only mild pain as the bulge grows. The pain suddenly becomes excruciating if the aneurysm bursts.

Sudden, sharp pain in the abdomen

Pain in the abdomen has many causes, ranging from appendicitis, diverticulitis, an inflamed gallbladder or pancreas, perforated gastric ulcer, inflamed ovarian cyst, a pelvic infection, or an ectopic pregnancy.

Other symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, a low-grade fever, diarrhoea, constipation, inability to pass gas, swelling in the abdomen, and a lack of appetite.

Danger signs include pain which is greater than 7 out of scale of 10, accompanied by fever or bloody diarrhoea, becoming worse or abdomen is very tender to touch or pressure or lasts for more than 5 days.

Leg pain with swelling

A deep vein thrombosis is a clot in a vein deep within the leg. Such clots are dangerous because they can break free and move to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism. Don’t ignore a painful and swollen leg. The pain is especially noticeable when you stand or walk around and the swollen area — most likely a calf or thigh — may be red or warm.

So, if you have any of these symptoms, don’t put it off to the next morning – rather get to hospital. It could be that it’s nothing serious, but you don’t want to miss it if it is!

Author: Dr. Ingrid de Beer