Don’t get burnt this winter!

Burns are one of the most common household accidents, especially among children Minecraft 1.14.4 Shader. With hot water taps, kettles filled with boiling water and hot stove tops, burns can happen at any time. Panicking about a burn doesn’t help matters – it’s best to know how to manage this kind of emergency! 

What you should do

The first thing to do is to stop whatever is causing the burn. If the person is on fire, make sure the person does the “stop, drop and roll” technique, to stop the fire. Remove any hot clothing, but if the clothing sticks to the skin, cut around the material, and remember to remove all jewellery, because the burned area will start to swell.

Now let’s take a look at the different types of burns and what to do:

Flame burns

It’s important that you stop the fire from spreading, so extinguish the flames immediately. Cover the wound with clean and sterile bandage (as mentioned before) and call medical services if you need additional help.

Electrical burns

First: make sure the person is no longer in contact with the source of the electricity, or you may also get shocked! Follow the basic burn procedure and make sure you visit a doctor. An electrical shock or burn may not leave much damage on the outside, but it can cause a lot of damage to you or your child on the inside.

Chemical burns

Make sure that you get rid of all chemicals on the skin with gently-running cold water – keep the water running for 10 minutes, even if you cannot see any more chemicals. Do not remove any of your child’s clothes before you wash away the chemicals. Rather wash the wound and the clothes under running water at the same time. If you get the chemical in your eyes, get medical attention immediately after you’ve finished rinsing out the chemicals. It’s also a good idea to wear rubber gloves when removing chemicals.

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Paraffin burns

Paraffin is a dangerous chemical and should always be used with care. It is one of the most common causes of injuries in informal settlements, especially in the winter season. It can be dangerous if swallowed and it can burn the skin even if it is not lit. If you’ve been burned by paraffin, follow the treatment procedure mentioned above for flame burns. If you burn yourself with unlit paraffin, follow the treatment procedure for chemical burns. Take extra care when removing clothes that have paraffin on them.

Cooking oil burns

Heat or fire based burns, also known as thermal burns, are the most common in any household. The kitchen is the most common area in the house for thermal burns – in most cases, boiling water or cooking oil are involved. If you have been burned by cooking oil, assess the severity. If it is a minor burn, carefully wash it off with water and apply a clean bandage. If the burn looks bad, carefully wash off the hot oil, bandage the wound and seek medical attention as soon as possible.

What you should not do

Burns can be prevented if you follow a few simple house rules:

  • Don’t leave the stove top unattended
  • Don’t put any paraffin appliance on a unstable surface, or within reach of small children
  • Don’t put a towel or piece of cloth under a paraffin cooking appliance
  • Keep lighters and matches away from children
  • If your clothing catches fire, remember to stop, drop and roll!

Sources: http://firstaid.webmd.com/thermal-heat-or-fire-burns-treatment http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/emergencies/burns.html# http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/1047.aspx?CategoryID=72 , http://www.capetown.gov.za/EN/ENVIRONMENTALRESOURCEMANAGEMENT/TIPS/Pages/ParaffinSafetyTips.aspx