Despite being one of the smaller organs in the body, the thyroid gland is one of the most powerful oz report designer 다운로드. Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences metabolism, breathing, heart rate, the nervous system, body weight and body temperature! With all that responsibility, what happens if something goes wrong?!
Disorders of the thyroid
The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods you eat to make two main hormones:
- Triiodothyronine (T3)
- Thyroxine (T4)
T3 and T4 travel in your bloodstream to reach almost every cell in the body and are responsible for regulating the speed with which your cells work.
Thyroid problems is one of the most common of all medical conditions, especially in women. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of these thyroid hormones:
- An underactive thyroid, underproduces hormones and causes a condition called “hypothyroidism”
- An overactive thyroid overproduces hormones and causes “hyperthyroidism”
Because an overproduction of thyroid hormones essentially speeds up cell activity across your entire body, some of the common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- fatigue or muscle weakness
- hand tremors
- mood swings, nervousness or anxiety
- rapid heartbeat or heart palpitations
- trouble sleeping
- weight loss
- irregular menstrual cycle
Causes of hyperthyroidism
There are several different causes of hyperthyroidism:
- The most common cause of an overactive thyroid is Grave’s disease. Grave’s disease is an autoimmune condition where your body produces anti-bodies that cause the cells of the thyroid to go into overdrive and over produce hormones
- Unusual lumps or bumps that grow on the thyroid may interfere with regular hormone production
- Inflammation of the thyroid, caused by a virus or a problem with the immune system, can also interrupt hormone regulation
- In some women, pregnancy can cause changes to the thyroid resulting in an overproduction of hormones
Do you have hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a lot more common in women, and does have a large genetic component. If anyone if your family has Grave’s disease, or another thyroid condition, it’s a good idea to start becoming more aware of any unusual symptoms you may be experiencing.
A diagnosis of an overactive thyroid will be made by your doctor after listening to you describe your symptoms, doing a physical exam and by measuring levels of thyroid hormones in your blood. Depending on your specific symptoms, your doctor may also do a scan of your thyroid to see if you have any growths on the gland or whether it might be inflamed.
Treatment for hyperthyroidism
Since hyperthyroidism has several causes, there are several treatment options. The best treatment method will depend on YOU. Besides the underlying cause, your doctor will also consider your age, your symptoms and any other conditions you may have. Treatment could include:
- Medications: these could include medications to lower thyroid activity and prevent the overproduction of hormones, or medications (e.g. beta blockers) that help to lower your racing heart rate. These are usually given together to help you feel better while the thyroid medication is doing its job
- Radioactive iodine: this is absorbed by your thyroid gland, where it causes the gland to shrink and symptoms to subside
- Surgery: in some cases, for example if you are pregnant, medication is not an option. Surgery can be performed to remove parts of the thyroid that will reduce hormone production
The obvious goal of treatment is to get hormones back in balance. To support your body while this is happening, ensure you do everything you can to keep the rest of you healthy. The best way to do this is by doing 3 things: eat well, sleep more and move!