How is depression best treated?

By January 17, 2014Depression

Not all depression is the same, so if you’ve been diagnosed with depression your doctor will speak to you about the different treatment options available, and which would suit you best 아이폰 기본벨소리 다운로드. For patients with clinical depression, treatment may include psychotherapy with or without prescribed anti-depressants. For others who don’t respond to standard depression treatments, doctors may offer brain stimulation techniques such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), also called electroshock therapy.

Treating Depression with Medication

Anti-depression drugs can help lift your mood and ease the hopelessness and sadness you feel. It’s important to work with your doctor to find the medication that works the best for you, with the least amount of side effects.

How Anti-Depressants Work

There are 3 important chemicals (neurotransmitters) in your brain that regulate your mood: norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine. These neurotransmitters transmit electrical signals between brain cells, and researchers have discovered a link between a chemical imbalance in these brain chemicals and depression. Anti-depressant medications increase the availability of neurotransmitters or change the sensitivity of the receptors for these chemical messengers. It’s thought that by modifying these brain chemicals, it’s possible to improve a person’s mood – although doctors aren’t sure exactly how the anti-depressant medications work to do this.

The Types of Anti-Depressants

There are several types of major anti-depressants that improve depression, as long as they are taken exactly as prescribed:

  • Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs): These treat depression by increasing availability of the brain chemicals serotonin and norepinephrine
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): These work by altering the amount of serotonin in the brain
  • Tricyclic anti-depressants (TCAs): These affect the levels of two chemical messengers in the brain, norepinephrine and serotonin. Although these drugs are effective in treating depression, they can have more side effects than other medication
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): These are most effective in treating people with depression who haven’t responded to other treatments. They are also effective for treating other mental illnesses. It’s important to note that substances in certain foods like aged meats, cheese and certain medications (like some cough syrups or decongestants) can interact dangerously with an MAOI.
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The Role of Psychotherapy in Treatment

Psychotherapy is intended to help you develop appropriate and practical coping strategies, as well as to “restructure” attitudes and outlooks that are influenced by depression. Ultimately, these strategies help you deal with everyday stressors and increase medication adherence. Your doctor will help you find the best type of psychotherapy for you – whether it’s individual, family, group therapy, or a combination.

When is Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Recommended for Depression?

ECT is generally used when severe depression is not responding to other forms of therapy, or when patients pose a severe threat to themselves or others and it is dangerous to wait until medications take effect. During ECT, the patient is sedated while a skilled doctor applies a brief electric current through the scalp to the brain, and this current induces a seizure. Although considered controversial by many, the fact remains that ECT is very effective at treating depression.