Men, don’t shy away from the prostate exam

We all know that breast cancer is the most common cancer for women, but did you know that prostate cancer is one of the most common in men fix it 다운로드? Particularly in older men, as the risk increases with age. The good news, however, is that treatments for prostate cancer are very effective if it’s detected early enough. Let’s take a look at how it’s diagnosed and what you can do to decrease your chances of developing this cancer.

The test

There are various screening tests that are used to detect prostate cancer, but the most common is the digital rectal exam. Although it’s used to spot an enlarged prostate, or any other abnormalities that are symptoms of prostate cancer, it can’t be used to detect the cancer itself. If the person has an enlarged prostate, they would then undergo various other tests. The digital exam, for those who don’t know, is where a doctor inserts their index finger into the patient’s rectum in order to feel the prostate gland – a small walnut-shaped gland that sits underneath your bladder. Don’t worry, doctors are required to wear a glove and use lubrication to ease any discomfort.

Another screening test is called the Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) test. In this test, blood is taken and tested in a lab.

Early signs of prostate cancer

During the early stages, prostate cancer doesn’t have many symptoms and can go unnoticed. It is only until it’s reached the latter stages that symptoms begin to appear. That is why it’s important to go for regular screening, especially after you turn 50.

Read  Nose bleeds - what you need to know

The most common symptoms include:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Weak stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • Lower back pain
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s pivotal that you see your doctor immediately to discuss the recommended screening method.

Prevention

Like all other diseases, you can help lower your chances of developing prostate cancer. A healthy diet and regular exercise are good places to start. If you’re a smoker, quit. If you’re overweight, then it’s time to shed some kilos and maintain a healthy waist-line. And if there’s a family history of prostate cancer, be sure to mention it to your doctor.

If you have any more questions, just ask our doctors! They are available 24/7, 365 days of the year. Simply sign up on our website. download the free Hello Doctor app from the Google Play or iTunes store.

Source: Mayo Clinic