Tag

infectious diseases

HIV / AIDS
March 7, 2019

Are we curing HIV with stem-cells?

Ever since HIV was first identified in the 1980s, the medical community has been trying to identify a viable cure for it. This week, they got one step closer. In the UK, a patient’s HIV became "undetectable" following a stem cell transplant, only the second case of its kind. What is a stem cell transplant? A stem cell transplant has replaced the traditional “bone marrow transplant” used as an effective treatment for diseases of the blood and bone marrow, like leukaemia. Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It…
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HIV / AIDS
January 23, 2019

Can HIV increase your risk for TB?

Tuberculosis (TB) is the world’s leading infectious killer. It’s also the number one cause of death among HIV-positive people. In 2015, over 10 million people across the globe had TB disease. Of these, about one million also lived with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). If you’re wondering why these two infections often go together, and what you can do to stay free of TB if you’re HIV-positive, read on. Why HIV increases your risk for TB HIV is a virus that destroys those cells in your body that help to fight germs and infections. These are called CD4 cells. When you…
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Child HealthParenting
December 8, 2017

How to prevent Hand, Foot and Mouth disease

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a common contagious, viral illness that often affects infants and children, although it’s possible for older children and adults to contract it too. Don’t confuse HFMD with that similar-sounding disease that affects animals though! What causes HFMD? HFMD is a viral infection that’s brought on by the Coxsackie A16 virus. Although a different, related virus called Enterovirus 71 can also cause HFMD, it’s highly unlikely that there are other strains of viruses that will cause the same symptoms. The virus is highly contagious and can spread directly via saliva drops or bodily fluids,…
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Sexual Health
June 23, 2017

Is it an STD or bladder infection?

Does it itch, burn or scratch down under – and you don’t quite know what it is? Infections are common but embarrassing. The good news is that they’re treatable too! It’s important to know what’s what – down there. Here’s a guide. The difference A bladder infection means that a type of bacteria has invaded your bladder, causing pain and discomfort. An STD is a sexually transmitted disease that’s passed on during intercourse (most commonly). An STD is also an infection, and could be caused by bacteria, yeast, viruses or parasites. With a bladder infection, the bacteria travel from the…
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Chest & LungTuberculosis
March 23, 2017

How to live better with TB

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis. It usually manifests and destroys parts of the lungs, making it difficult to breathe, but can also spread to and attack the bones, joints and nervous system. TB bacteria can live in the body for years without any symptoms or spreading to others. How TB is spread TB travels through the air. When a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks, droplets of the TB bacteria are released into the air. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.…
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HygieneInfections
January 8, 2017

Typhoid outbreak – what you need to know

There has been a recent warning that South Africans could face a Typhoid outbreak after the summer holidays. Hospitals and healthcare centers have been notified to be on high alert, since the Typhoid infections that started in Zimbabwe, could spread here when holiday-goers come back after their holidays. via GIPHY What is Typhoid fever? Typhoid fever is an infection caused by a bacteria (Salmonella Typhi). It spreads easily through food and water contaminated by sewerage. You can also get it from someone who has the infection. It's quite common in overcrowded areas with overcrowding & poor sanitation. How do you…
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Sexual Health
November 15, 2016

Safe frisky business

Things are getting heated more often now, but you aren’t worried. You always use condoms, you’re on the Pill and you and your partner are free of STIs. You have nothing to worry about, right? Wrong. There are many other factors to think about when it comes to your sexual health. (more…)
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Infections
April 25, 2016

Malaria – are we going to win the fight!?

It is truly the stuff of legend! The fight against malaria is one of the most inspiring global health stories in decades.  Here are just two example of what dedicated people have achieved: (more…)
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Infections
March 23, 2016

The flu vaccine – yes or no?

Don't waste your sick days on the flu - get the flu jab! We know, we know - just the thought of getting an injection may be giving you the shivers. But if you want to avoid getting actual shivers because of fever and flu, the injection is your best solution! (more…)
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Infections
March 17, 2016

Dealing with diarrhoea in babies

When baby gets the runs, it's not just those dreaded nappies you have to be watch out for! Diarrhoea is very dangerous for babies and can be fatal if it’s not dealt with immediately.  (more…)
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