January 23, 2019

Can HIV increase your risk for TB?

Tuberculosis (TB) is the world’s leading infectious killer. It’s also the number one cause of death among HIV-positive people. In 2015, over 10 million people across the globe had TB disease. Of these, about one million also lived with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). If you’re wondering why these two infections often go together, and what you can do to stay free of TB if you’re HIV-positive, read on. Why HIV increases your risk for TB HIV is a virus that destroys those cells in your body that help to fight germs and infections. These are called CD4 cells. When you…
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Chest & LungTuberculosis
September 17, 2018

The differences between TB and pneumonia

These two conditions have similar symptoms, but they are very different! Here’s what you need to know. Signs and symptoms It's not possible to diagnose TB or pneumonia, without some investigations, like x-rays and sputum tests. They can look very similar, with coughing, weakness, and fever, but here are some of the main symptoms to look out for in each condition: Tuberculosis Pneumonia Chest pain, or pain with breathing and coughing Sweating A fever higher in the afternoon Chest pain Sweating excessively at night. Tiredness Night chills Shortness of breath Tiredness that gets worse as the day goes on Cough Weight…
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Symptoms, Aches & Pains
June 18, 2018

5 reasons you’re coughing constantly

It's annoying to sit next to someone who just keeps coughing. What's worse, is when that someone is you. The coughing reflex has an important purpose, but what do you do when it doesn't go away? When you cough, you bring up mucous and harmful substances from your airways: it keeps your airways clear, so you can get oxygen into your lungs. You could also cough if you're i'll, and your lungs secrete mucous to get rid of the germs. Most coughs only last for a few days or weeks and then you feel better, but when . If your…
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Chest & Lung
March 7, 2018

How to prevent lung infections

Our lungs are incredible organs: they allow us to inhale oxygen, literally filling our blood with the breath of life. Oxygen is the one thing we need to keep the cells in our body alive. We can only get oxygen through our lungs, so if we have any lung-condition, from asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis to pneumonia, it can become very dangerous - even fatal - if not treated. How do you get it? The natural environment of your lungs is moist which makes it easy for bacteria and viruses to get in. Whether you’re catching public transport or driving along the…
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Chest & LungTuberculosis
October 31, 2017

What exactly is TB? Here are the basics

In the past, TB was called ‘’consumption", because of the way it literally consumed infected people from the inside. Luckily for us, today TB is treatable. Here’s what you need to know about it. What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. While it mostly affects the lungs, it can also affect organs in the central nervous system, lymphatic system, gastro-intestinal system and circulatory system. TB is classified as being either latent or active. Latent TB occurs when the bacteria are present in the body, but this state is inactive and presents no symptoms. Latent TB…
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Chest & LungTuberculosis
March 23, 2017

How to live better with TB

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis. It usually manifests and destroys parts of the lungs, making it difficult to breathe, but can also spread to and attack the bones, joints and nervous system. TB bacteria can live in the body for years without any symptoms or spreading to others. How TB is spread TB travels through the air. When a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks, droplets of the TB bacteria are released into the air. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.…
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Chest & LungTuberculosis
March 1, 2016

Can we stop TB for good?

Tuberculosis is a deadly disease that takes away 1.5 million lives from us every year. 1.5 million is not just a number - it also represents a sister, a child, a mother or a friend that could have been saved. TB is preventable and curable, and it’s up us to fight it. The 24th of March is World TB Awareness day: so let's gear up our knowledge so we can win this war. (more…)
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Chest & LungInfections
August 25, 2015

Coughing: How do you know if you have TB?

So, you've been coughing for a few months now and sweating at night... even your friends are saying you've lost some weight and should go for a TB test. TB is very common in South Africa, but fortunately it can be prevented and treated. Here's what you need to know. Preventing TB: a) By the BCG (TB) vaccine: In countries where TB is common, the BCG forms part of the national childhood immunisation programme It's generally used to offer children protection against TB It's not used to interrupt the spread of TB from one adult to another b) By preventing…
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