The 5 elements of fitness

Fitness and exercise are part and parcel of living a long and healthy life latest popular is. You’ve probably heard that you should choose an exercise or activity that you enjoy doing, but it’s also important to shake things up from time to time. The reason being, you need to exercise your whole body.

There are many different types of exercise, from yoga to spinning, but few of them work all of the 5 main areas you need to focus on if you want a full-body work out. Let’s take a look at these 5 elements of fitness.

1. Cardiovascular

If you enjoy running, swimming or cycling – that’s good news – they’re all popular and very effective cardiovascular exercises. This type of exercise keeps your heart healthy and helps you lose weight.

2. Muscle Strength

Free-standing weights such as dumbbells and kettle balls are used to help build and strengthen muscle. Ultimately, your muscle strength determines how much weight you can pick up.

3. Muscle Endurance

Muscle endurance is similar to muscle strength but instead of lifting heavy loads, it’s used to determine the amount of repetitions you can do. For example, your maximum strength might be 20kg and your maximum endurance might be 5 reps per set.
Knowing how much you can lift, and how often you can lift is very important if you want to lose weight, build muscle and maximise your exercise routine.

4. Flexibility

Most people want to be fit and healthy (and look good!), but what about being flexible too? We’re not talking about being able to bend your body at weird angles, but if you struggle to touch your toes, it’s time to start stretching. This area of fitness focuses on your range of motion and your joints. Yoga and Pilates are great forms of exercise which help improve flexibility.

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5. Body Composition

Your body mass index (BMI) is a general measurement used to determine your ideal weight. If your BMI is below (underweight) or above (overweight) a certain range, then you need to start thinking about gaining or losing healthy weight. There are risk factors for being on either extreme. Infertility, irregular menstrual cycles, heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure are just some of the common conditions associated with being under or overweight. A person’s ideal body fat percentage is 9% – 19% for men, and 14% – 25% for women.

So, get out there and move! :)