Is there anything worse than being kept up at night by the constant buzzing of a mosquito 아청 법 단순 다운로드? You just regard them as a nuisance, right? But they’re actually more dangerous than you may think – they can spread malaria. This’s what you need to know about those pesky mosquitoes.
Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito infected with malaria parasites. It’s mostly transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito, but a developing foetus may get the disease from its mother. You cannot get malaria just by being near someone who has the disease.
How to Prevent Malaria
Malaria can be prevented by taking medicine before, during, and after travel to an area where malaria is present, and also by using mosquito nets and repellent.
Malaria infection usually causes symptoms like the flu – chills, a high fever, and muscle pain – which come and go in cycles. Some types of malaria may cause more serious problems, such as damage to the lungs, heart, kidneys, or brain, and these types can be fatal.
If you have these symptoms after being in a malaria region, even if you’ve taken precautions, get medical help right away! Your doctor will order a blood test to check for the malaria parasite, and prescribe the correct medication. Like with any prescribed medication, follow the instructions carefully and finish the course – even if you are feeling better.
10 Malaria Facts
- Malaria is a serious (sometimes fatal) disease that is spread by mosquitoes who have been infected by a parasite. The disease is spread when mosquitoes feed on humans.
- Found mostly in warmer regions, malaria breeds where the climate is humid and there is a lot of rain.
- Malaria is not a contagious disease, and it cannot be contracted through contact with an infected person, sexually or otherwise.
- Every year, 1 million children die from malaria, which means one child every 45 seconds!
- Pregnant women and children are the most vulnerable to malaria infection. If the disease is contracted during pregnancy, it can result in low birth weight, or be passed to the baby.
- Left untreated, malaria can leave a body more susceptible to HIV/Aids, malnutrition, or anaemia.
- To prevent malaria, breeding areas need to be eliminated, mosquito nets distributed and treatment with anti-malaria medicine needs to be provided.
- While malaria exists in 109 countries around the world, and 3.3. billion people are susceptible to the disease, approximately 90% of malaria-related deaths occur south of the Sahara in Africa – mostly children under the age of 5.
- Common symptoms of malaria are high fever, chills, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. Severe illness and death can normally be avoided if the disease is properly treated.
- An infected person may start feeling symptoms anywhere from a week to a month after they are bitten. With some rarer forms of malaria, the parasite remains dormant and an infected person will not become ill for up to 4 years.