What exactly is autism?

Autism is the result of a neurological disorder that affects normal brain function, which means that a person who has autism often struggles with normal, everyday communication and social interaction 인시디어스2 다운로드.

Those affected likely share traits with people who suffer from ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or clinical depression.
Autism is a wide-spectrum disorder, and this means that no two people who have it will experience the same symptoms. For some, symptoms are mild, while for others they are severe.

What symptoms or behaviours does autism usually present?

  • A person will usually stick to a set of behaviours, and are adverse to change – whether it’s major or minor changes that take place
  • They are often socially clumsy, offensive in what they say and out of sync with everyone else
  • In severe cases, they might not be interested at all in other people
  • They often avoid eye contact with others, and might not realise if someone is trying to talk to them
  • They avoid physical contact with people outside of their trusted, immediate family members, and don’t enjoy being hugged or touched by others
  • They are sensitive to loud noise, bright lights and strong smells
  • The more severe the autism is, the more likely they are to have speaking skills – many children with autism don’t speak at all
  • They thrive in predictable environments, and work well with routine
  • They often develop repetitive behaviours – for example drawing the same picture over and over again
  • They learn differently – they might learn faster than others, and have a bigger vocabulary, only to forget things that they’ve learned quickly.

There are a lot of myths about autism, and granted we still have much to learn about the condition. It’s very important to remember, though: no matter how strange someone with autism seems:

  • They have feelings, just like you and me – they feel love, happiness and sadness.
  • A large number of people who have autism spectrum disorder have very high IQs, and a unique talent for computer science (testing, programming etc.)
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How does it develop?

There are a lot of theories about the causes of autism – one of them being that vaccination could be a trigger. However, there is no evidence for the being true – and you may put your child at risk of developing other serious conditions if they don’t get vaccinated.

Unfortunately, we are still unsure exactly what the causes and triggers are.

What increases the risk of autism/autism spectrum disorder?

The following illnesses and circumstances have been shown to increase the risk of a child being diagnosed with autism before the age of 3.This according to research and studies presented in the Paediatrics journal of November 2012.

  • Flu during pregnancy doubles autism risk for the child
  • Persistent fever during pregnancy – if a fever lasts for more than one week it triples the autism risk for the child
  • Using antibiotics during pregnancy – slightly increases the autism risk for the child

Can autism be treated?

Autism isn’t a condition that your child will “grow out of” – but there are a lot of treatments available – and the first step is finding out as much as you can about the condition, so you can make informed decisions.

The earlier you start treatment the better – this can significantly help with your child’s learning progress, and help reduce symptoms.

Here’s what else you can do as a parent/family unit:

  • Provide structure and safety at home
  • Be consistent
  • Stick to a schedule
  • Reward good behaviour
  • Try to figure out what’s causing your child’s tantrums
  • Make time for run and relaxation with your child
  • Learn to pick up on your child’s non-verbal cues – facial expressions, hand gestures etc.
  • Pay attention, and be aware of, their sensitivities: are they under or over sensitive to things like light, sound, smell, touch and taste?
  • What helps calm them, what do they enjoy, what do they find comfortable or uncomfortable
  • Look for autism support groups you can turn to
  • Get more information from local websites such as: http://www.aut2know.co.za/ and http://www.afa.org.za/